M-Links: A UI For Web Interaction On Very Small Devices (26 Oct 2001)
A basic objective of Weiser's Ubiquitous Computing vision is ubiquitous information access: being able to utilize any content (e.g., all the rich media content and services on the WWW), using devices that are always "at hand" (embedded in environments or portable), over a network with universal coverage and adequate bandwidth. Although much progress has been made, the ideal remains elusive. This talk examines some of the inter-relations among three dimensions of ubiquitous information systems: (1) ubiquitous content; (2) ubiquitous devices; and (3) ubiquitous networking. We use the space defined by these dimensions to reflect on some of the tradeoffs designers make, and to frame our discussion of M-Links (mobile links), a new system that takes aim at the elusive ideal of ubiquitous information. Based on our earlier experiences building and using a Web browser for small devices (Digestor) M-Links proposes a new UI that splits apart the integrated activities of link following and reading into separate modes: navigating to; and acting on web content. This interaction technique for very small devices is both simpler for navigating and allows users to do more than just read. The M-Links system incorporates modal browsing interaction and addresses a number of associated problems.
Article URL: http://hci.stanford.edu/cs547/abstracts/01-02/011026-trevor.html
(Jonathan Trevor and David Hilbert, FXPAL)
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