Mental models in cognitive science : Johnson-Laird (01 Jan 1980)
This article postulates that mental models differ from visual images and from propositional representations, and it presents evidence that corroborates the differences. It argues that reasoners use propositional representations of, say, spatial descriptions to construct mental models. It also argues that mental models rather than formal logic underlie syllogistic inference, e.g., some of the parents are drivers, all of the drivers are scientists, therefore, some of the parents are scientists. The article was the first in a journal to present a case for mental models as the end result of comprehension and as the starting point of deductive reasoning.
Article URL: http://cognitrn.psych.indiana.edu/rgoldsto/cogsci/Johnson-Laird.pdf